Preference Agreements

Preference Agreements

Preference Agreements: The Ins and Outs

Preference agreements, also known as “preference arrangements,” are contractual agreements between a supplier and a buyer where the buyer agrees to purchase goods or services exclusively from the supplier. These agreements are often used in industries such as construction, healthcare, and manufacturing, where a buyer may need to ensure a reliable and consistent supply of goods or services.

While preference agreements can provide benefits for both parties, they can also have potential antitrust implications. Therefore, it is important for companies to understand the risks and benefits associated with such agreements before entering into them.

Benefits of Preference Agreements

For suppliers, preference agreements can provide a stable and predictable customer base, which can be helpful in generating a steady stream of revenue. These agreements can also help suppliers with planning and resource allocation, as they can anticipate the amount of business they will receive from the buyer.

For buyers, preference agreements can provide a reliable source of goods or services, which can be especially beneficial in industries where consistency is important. These agreements can also lead to lower prices for the buyer, as the supplier may be more willing to offer discounts or incentives in exchange for the exclusivity.

Risks of Preference Agreements

While preference agreements can have benefits, they can also carry risks. For example, if a preference agreement limits competition in a particular market, it could be considered anticompetitive behavior. This could lead to legal challenges, fines, and reputational damage for both parties.

Additionally, preference agreements can limit a buyer’s ability to obtain the best value for their money. If a buyer is locked into an exclusive relationship with a particular supplier, they may miss out on potentially lower prices or better quality from other suppliers.

Navigating the Risks and Benefits

To navigate the risks and benefits associated with preference agreements, companies should consider the following:

1. Conduct a market analysis: Before entering into a preference agreement, companies should assess the competitive landscape to ensure that the agreement will not limit competition in a particular market.

2. Negotiate the terms: When negotiating a preference agreement, companies should carefully consider the exclusivity and duration of the agreement. For example, a shorter duration agreement may be less likely to raise antitrust concerns.

3. Monitor the agreement: Once a preference agreement is in place, companies should monitor the market to ensure that it does not limit competition or lead to anticompetitive behavior.


Preference agreements can provide benefits for both buyers and suppliers, but they also carry risks. Companies should carefully consider the potential antitrust implications and negotiate the terms of the agreement to ensure it aligns with their business strategy. By taking a strategic approach to preference agreements, companies can reap the benefits while avoiding potential legal and reputational risks.

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